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The 4 Main Types of Bipolar Disorder

What are the 4 Main Types of Bipolar Disorder ?

Bipolar disorder is also known as a manic-depressive illness. It’s a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels and the ability to carry out the usual day to day tasks. There are four basic types of bipolar disorder, all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy and activity levels and these moods range from periods of extremely up or elated and energised behaviours known as manic episodes to very sad, down or hopeless periods known as depressive episodes. Less severe manic periods are known as Hyper Manic Episodes. Some of the signs and some of the symptoms that people with bipolar disorder have are periods of unusually intense emotions, changes in sleep patterns and their normal activity levels and somewhat unusual behaviours.

These very distinct periods are called mood episodes and mood episodes are drastically different from the moods or behaviours that are typical for the person. Extreme changes in energy activity and sleep go along with mood disorders so sometimes a mood episode includes symptoms of both manic and depressive symptoms, this is called an episode with mixed features. People experiencing an episode with mixed features may feel very sad, empty and hopeless while actually at the same time feeling extremely energised.

Bipolar can be present even when mood swings are less extreme so as an example some people with a bipolar disorder experience Hypomania, this is a less severe form of mania and during a hypomanic episode an individual might feel very good, be highly productive and highly functional also the person may not feel that anything is wrong and they themselves may feel quite normal. Without correct treatment people with hypomania may develop Severe Mania or depression. They may feel very up, very high or elated and have a lot of energy. They might feel very jumpy and wired, they may have trouble sleeping, they might become more active – much more active than usual.

They may become quite agitated and irritable, quite touchy and they may feel like their thoughts are all racing or they’re going very fast and they think that they can do a lot of things all at once. They may do risky things like spend a lot of money or possibly even have reckless sex and people having a depressive episode may feel very sad, down and empty and just completely hopeless about themselves.

They might have a lot of trouble sleeping or getting to sleep they may sleep too little or quite the opposite but might sleep far too much, they may also feel as if they just simply can’t enjoy anything no matter what’s happening around them feeling worried and empty and have trouble concentrating. They forget a lot of things and have to make notes on things. They eat too much, far too much or they may eat far too little. The most dangerous thing about bipolar is they may think very seriously about death or about suicide so if you do suspect that you could possibly have bipolar or you think that somebody in your family may have bipolar it’s absolutely imperative that you try and talk to them. Try and get them to see a GP and they’ll be able to refer you on to other professionals who can diagnose the disorder.

Shaun Mccowie – Anxious Minds Newcastle