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What are Anxiety Disorders

So what are Anxiety Disorders?

Sometimes anxiety is an expected part of everyday life. However anxiety disorders involve more than just temporary worry and fear so for a person with an anxiety disorder the anxiety does not go away and can get much worse over a period of time. The symptoms can interfere with your daily activities such as job performance, school work and relationships.

Types of Anxiety Disorders …

► GAD or Generalised Anxiety Disorder People with a Generalised Anxiety Disorder generally display excessive anxiety and worry most days for around at least the six-month mark and on a number of things such as personal health, work and your social interactions. The fear and anxiety can cause significant problems in areas of a person’s life such as their social interactions, their school and their work. Generalised anxiety disorder symptoms may include feeling restless, feeling wired or on edge, becoming or being easily fatigued and having difficulty concentrating with your mind just going blank, being quite irritable and having some kind of a noticeable muscle tension and difficulty controlling feelings of worry.

► Panic Disorders People with a panic disorder have recurrent unexpected panic attacks. Panic attacks are very sudden periods of extreme intense fear and come on very quickly and very unexpected and often reached a peak within just a few minutes maximum usually about 10 minutes. It very rarely goes above the 10-minute mark and attacks can occur so unexpectedly and can be brought on by a trigger such as a feared object or a situation. Very often the person will know about that feared object or situation and will generally avoid it so during a panic attack people might experience heart palpitations, that’s a pounding fast heartbeat or a very accelerated heartbeat and quite often some people feel as if they’re going to die because of sweating and pronounced trembling or shaking with sensations of shortness of breath and they often feel as if they’re being smothered or they’re actually choking and have very strong feelings of impending doom. Panic disorder are very unpleasant indeed and people with panic attacks often worry about when the next attack will happen and actively try to prevent future attacks by avoiding particular places and particular situations.

► Specific Phobias Some examples of specific phobias might include the fear of flying, this is quite a common one, Heights – a lot of people don’t like heights and won’t go up high buildings etc. Animals – a lot of people really don’t like spiders and creepy crawly things, they don’t like dogs they definitely don’t like snakes. Hospitals – some people wont go to see the general practitioner because they don’t like injections and a lot of people also have a phobia around blood.

► Social anxiety disorder This was previously called social phobia but it’s now called S.A.D. People with a social anxiety disorder have a general intense fear of or anxiety toward social or performance situations, they worry that their actions or behaviours associated with their anxiety will be negatively viewed or evaluated by other people leading them to feel very embarrassed. This often causes people with social anxiety to avoid social situations. They will self isolate and hide themselves away. Social anxiety disorder can manifest itself in a wide range of situations such as within the workplace or school environment, out and about on the main roads and streets.

► Separation Anxiety Disorder – You may quite often find that your pet chews your carpets because they really want to be with you and they can’t stand being separated from you but human beings very much suffer from this kind of anxiety disorder and it’s not just something that only animals and children deal with. Adults can also be diagnosed with separation anxiety disorders, it is a little bit rare these days but people who do have separation anxiety disorders have extreme fears around being parted from people to whom they have an attachment. They worry that some sort of harm or something untoward will happen to their attachment figure while they are separated and this kind of fear leads them to avoid becoming separated from their attachment figure.

► Selective Mutism – this is really quite a rare disorder associated with anxiety. Selective mutism usually occurs before the age of five and is often associated with some form of extreme shyness, a fear of social embarrassment, A clingy type of behaviour and often temper tantrums so people diagnosed with this kind of selective mutism are often also diagnosed with other anxiety disorders.